Harald Breivik
Alternative email address: harald.breivik@rh.uio.no

Author network for Harald Breivik by COREMINE medical

Publications 2017

Breivik H (2017)
New knowledge reduces risk of damage to spinal cord from spinal haematoma after epidural- or spinal-analgesia and from spinal cord stimulator leads
Scand J Pain, 15, 115-117
PubMed 28850334

Breivik H (2017)
Analyzing transition from acute back pain to chronic pain with linear mixed models reveals a continuous chronification of acute back pain
Scand J Pain, 16, 146-147
PubMed 28850392

Breivik H (2017)
The burden of central anticholinergic drugs increases pain and cognitive dysfunction. More knowledge about drug-interactions needed
Scand J Pain, 17, 186-188 (in press)
PubMed 29055252

Breivik H (2017)
NSAIDs relieve osteoarthritis (OA) pain, but cardiovascular safety in question even for diclofenac, ibuprofen, naproxen, and celecoxib: what are the alternatives?
Scand J Pain, 16, 148-149
PubMed 28850393

Breivik H (2017)
Why can multimodal, multidisciplinary pain clinics not help all chronic pain patients?
Scand J Pain, 17, 191-192 (in press)
PubMed 29055253

Breivik H (2017)
Patients' subjective acute pain rating scales (VAS, NRS) are fine; more elaborate evaluations needed for chronic pain, especially in the elderly and demented patients
Scand J Pain, 15, 73-74
PubMed 28850350

Breivik H (2017)
Education of nurses and medical doctors is a sine qua non for improving pain management of hospitalized patients, but not enough
Scand J Pain, 15, 93-95
PubMed 28850358

Breivik H (2017)
Invasive intervention for "intractable" Complex Regional Pain Syndromes (CRPS)?
Scand J Pain, 14, 109
PubMed 28850423

Breivik H, Butler S (2017)
Qualitative pain research emphasizes that patients need true information and physicians and nurses need more knowledge of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS)
Scand J Pain, 15, 104-105
PubMed 28850331

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2017)
Endocrinopathies in women during opioid therapy cause loss of androgens, fatigue, listlessness, loss of libido and quality of life: stop prescribing opioids or follow the 2016 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines?
Pain, 158 (1), 1-3
PubMed 27780180

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2017)
Cancer-pain intractable to high-doses systemic opioids can be relieved by intraspinal local anaesthetic plus an opioid and an alfa2-adrenoceptor agonist
Scand J Pain, 16, 158-159
PubMed 28850396

Breivik H, Stubhaug A, Butler S (2017)
CNS-mechanisms contribute to chronification of pain
Scand J Pain, 15, 137-139
PubMed 28850337

Jensen TS, Breivik H, Cervero F, Hansson P (2017)
In memoriam: Ulf Lindblom 1927 to 2017
Pain, 158 (8), 1401-1402

Moen V, Stoknes I, Breivik H (2017)
Antioxidant Efficacy of a New Synergistic, Multicomponent Formulation for Fish Oil Omega-3 Concentrates
J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 94 (7), 947-957

Müller-Lissner S, Bassotti G, Coffin B, Drewes AM, Breivik H, Eisenberg E, Emmanuel A, Laroche F, Meissner W, Morlion B (2017)
Opioid-Induced Constipation and Bowel Dysfunction: A Clinical Guideline
Pain Med, 18 (10), 1837-1863
PubMed 28034973

Publications 2016

Breivik H (2016)
Terminal cancer pain intractable by conventional pain management can be effectively relieved by intrathecal administration of a local anaesthetic plus an opioid and an alfa2-agonist into the cerebro-spinal-fluid
Scand J Pain, 14, 71-73
PubMed 28850434

Breivik H (2016)
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS): High risk of CRPS after trauma in another limb in patients who already have CRPS in one hand or foot: Lasting changes in neural pain modulating systems?
Scand J Pain, 14, 82-83
PubMed 28850440

Breivik H (2016)
Fifty years on the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain-intensity is still good for acute pain. But multidimensional assessment is needed for chronic pain
Scand J Pain, 11, 150-152
PubMed 28850458

Breivik H (2016)
Patients with chronic neck-pain after trauma do not differ in type of symptoms and signs, but suffer more than patients with chronic neck pain without a traumatic onset
Scand J Pain, 14, 74
PubMed 28850435

Breivik H (2016)
Depressive symptoms associated with poor outcome after lumbar spine surgery: Pain and depression impact on each other and aggravate the burden of the sufferer
Scand J Pain, 12, 57
PubMed 28850493

Breivik H (2016)
Gain in functions before pain reduction during intensive multidisciplinary paediatric pain rehabilitation programme
Scand J Pain, 14, 75
PubMed 28850436

Breivik H (2016)
Local infiltration analgesia (LIA), risk of local anaesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) and kidney failure from NSAID in elderly patients
Scand J Pain, 13, 132-133
PubMed 28850513

Breivik H (2016)
Pain relief during childbirth: Efficacy and safety of prolonging labour-analgesia with morphine directly into the lumbar cerebro-spinal-fluid (CSF)
Scand J Pain, 13, 138-139
PubMed 28850516

Breivik H (2016)
Re-enforcing therapeutic effect by positive expectations of pain-relief from our interventions
Scand J Pain, 14, 76-77
PubMed 28850437

Breivik H (2016)
Chronic pain and psychological distress among long-term social assistance recipients - An intolerable burden on those on the lowest steps of the socioeconomic ladder
Scand J Pain, 11, 146-147
PubMed 28850456

Breivik H (2016)
Transmucosal fentanyl for severe cancer pain: Nasal mucosa superior to oral mucosa?
Scand J Pain, 11, 96-97
PubMed 28850477

Breivik H, Skovlund E (2016)
More postoperative pain reported by women than by men - Again
Scand J Pain, 12, 96-97
PubMed 28850503

Christensen HN, Olsson U, From J, Breivik H (2016)
Opioid-induced constipation, use of laxatives, and health-related quality of life
Scand J Pain, 11, 104-110
PubMed 28850447

Drewes AM, Munkholm P, Simrén M, Breivik H, Kongsgaard UE, Hatlebakk JG, Agreus L, Friedrichsen M, Christrup LL (2016)
Definition, diagnosis and treatment strategies for opioid-induced bowel dysfunction-Recommendations of the Nordic Working Group
Scand J Pain, 11, 111-122
PubMed 28850449

Jensen TS, Stubhaug A, Breivik H (2016)
Important development: Extended Acute Pain Service for patients at high risk of chronic pain after surgery
Scand J Pain, 12, 58-59
PubMed 28850494

Karstensen H, Finnerup NB, Breivik H (2016)
Improving pain treatment in children
Scand J Pain, 13, 154-155
PubMed 28850522

Lind B, Breivik H, Kvåle R (2016)
[No title available]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 136 (18), 1574
PubMed 27731611

Reme SE, Breivik H (2016)
Social anxiety and pain-related fear impact each other and aggravate the burden of chronic pain patients: More individually tailored rehabilitation need
Scand J Pain, 12, 98-99
PubMed 28850504

Skovlund E, Breivik H (2016)
Analysis of pain-intensity measurements
Scand J Pain, 13, 123-124
PubMed 28850508

Stubhaug A, Breivik H (2016)
Chronic compartment syndrome is an under-recognized cause of leg-pain
Scand J Pain, 12, 53-54
PubMed 28850491

Publications 2015

Breivik H (2015)
Tapering and discontinuation of methadone for chronic pain
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 29 (2), 185-6
PubMed 26095495

Breivik H (2015)
Herpes zoster immunization in older adults has big benefits
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 29 (2), 187-8
PubMed 26095496

Breivik H (2015)
Associative learning mechanisms may trigger increased burden of chronic pain; unlearning and extinguishing learned maladaptive responses should help chronic pain patients
Scand J Pain, 11, 34-35
PubMed 28850466

Breivik H (2015)
Treat the whole patient and be aware of drug interactions
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 29 (1), 70-1
PubMed 25643226

Breivik H (2015)
Herpes Zoster Immunization in Older Adults Has Big Benefits
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 29 (3), 305-6
PubMed 26305855

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2015)
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) after viper-bite in a pregnant young woman: Pathophysiology and treatment options
Scand J Pain, 10, 108-110
PubMed 28361759

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2015)
Importance of early diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS-1 and C RPS-2): Delayed diagnosis of CRPS is a major problem
Scand J Pain, 11, 49-51
PubMed 28850469

Granan LP, Jacobsen HB, Reme SE, Stubhaug A, Hansson P, Breivik H, Ljoså TM (2015)
[Interdisciplinary education for better pain treatment]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 135 (12-13), 1114-5
PubMed 26130541

Hansson E, Breivik H (2015)
Plasma pro-inflammatory markers in chronic neuropathic pain: Why elevated levels may be relevant for diagnosis and treatment of patients suffering chronic pain
Scand J Pain, 10, 52-53
PubMed 28361771

Kolstad F, Breivik H (2015)
The obesity epidemic makes life difficult for patients with herniated lumbar discs - and for back-surgeons: Increased risk of complications
Scand J Pain, 10, 103
PubMed 28361756

Pertovaara A, Breivik H (2015)
Pain treatment with intrathecal corticosteroids: Much ado about nothing? But epidural corticosteroids for radicular pain is still an option
Scand J Pain, 10, 82-84
PubMed 28361777

Publications 2014

Breivik H (2014)
Pain management discussion forum
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 28 (1), 54-5
PubMed 24552602

Breivik H (2014)
A high-quality RCT documents that elderly with dementia, the most neglected pain patients, have effective and safe pain relief from paracetamol alone or with buprenorphine patch
Eur J Pain, 18 (10), 1363-4
PubMed 25303611

Breivik H (2014)
Pain management discussion forum: serious interaction among frequently used drugs for chronic pain
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 28 (2), 170-1
PubMed 24801976

Breivik H (2014)
Cervicobrachialgia after spinal surgery
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 28 (4), 404-5
PubMed 25348228

Breivik H (2014)
Pain management discussion forum: prevention of chronic postoperative pain
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 28 (3), 314-5
PubMed 25166777

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2014)
Burden of disease is often aggravated by opioid treatment of chronic pain patients: Etiology and prevention
Pain, 155 (12), 2441-3
PubMed 25234088

Sauter A, Breivik H (2014)
Subacute pain after total knee arthroplasty
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 28 (2), 164-5; discussion 165-6
PubMed 24801974

Publications 2013

Breivik H (2013)
European pain management discussion forum
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 27 (2), 190-1
PubMed 23688518

Breivik H (2013)
Pain management discussion forum
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 27 (4), 397-8
PubMed 24303837

Breivik H (2013)
Pain management discussion forum
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 27 (3), 296-7
PubMed 23909902

Breivik H, Eisenberg E, O'Brien T, OPENMinds (2013)
The individual and societal burden of chronic pain in Europe: the case for strategic prioritisation and action to improve knowledge and availability of appropriate care
BMC Public Health, 13, 1229
PubMed 24365383

Breivik H, Norum H (2013)
Risks of serious complications after neuraxial blocks: apparent decrease due to guidelines for safe practice?
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 57 (5), 541-4
PubMed 23574646

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2013)
[Difficult drug reimbursement system for pain patients]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 133 (2), 130
PubMed 23344584

Brustugun J, Troland S, Breivik H (2013)
The stability of a sulphite-free epidural analgesic solution containing fentanyl, bupivacaine, and adrenaline
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 57 (10), 1321-7
PubMed 24134445

Niemi G, Breivik H (2013)
Thoracic epidural fentanyl has spinal cord analgesic effects
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 57 (9), 1089-91
PubMed 24028206

Norum HM, Breivik H (2013)
Published evidence from randomised trials indicates that pain after thoracotomy is more effectively relieved by thoracic epidural analgesia than by paravertebral blocks
Eur J Anaesthesiol, 30 (5), 261
PubMed 23455641

Olli JJ, Breivik H, Thorstad O (2013)
Removal of persistent organic pollutants in fish oils using short-path distillation with a working fluid
Chemosphere, 92 (3), 273-8
PubMed 23528833

Publications 2012

Breivik H (2012)
European pain management discussion forum
J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother, 26 (4), 394-5
PubMed 23216190

Kjelstrup T, Courivaud F, Klaastad Ø, Breivik H, Hol PK (2012)
High-resolution MRI demonstrates detailed anatomy of the axillary brachial plexus. A pilot study
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 56 (7), 914-9
PubMed 22571443

Romundstad L, Breivik H (2012)
Accelerated recovery programmes should complement, not replace, the acute pain services
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 56 (6), 672-4
PubMed 22681471

Publications 2011

Breivik H (2011)
A major challenge for a generous welfare system: a heavy socio-economic burden of chronic pain conditions in Sweden--and how to meet this challenge
Eur J Pain, 16 (2), 167-9
PubMed 22323369

Norum HM, Breivik H (2011)
Learning from the past for the present: paravertebral blocks for thoracic surgery are not without risk
Eur J Anaesthesiol, 28 (7), 544-5
PubMed 21666545

Norum HM, Breivik H (2011)
Thoracic paravertebral blockade and thoracic epidural analgesia: two extremes of a continuum
Anesth Analg, 112 (4), 990; author reply 990-1
PubMed 21430037

Publications 2010

Breivik H (2010)
Merits of publishing a negative and prematurely ended study on intrathecal methylprednisolone for severe and longstanding complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS-I)
Eur J Pain, 14 (5), 453-5
PubMed 20231108

Breivik H, Norum HM (2010)
[Regional analgesia--risks and benefits]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 130 (4), 392-7
PubMed 20220867

Publications 2009

Breivik H, Bang U, Jalonen J, Vigfússon G, Alahuhta S, Lagerkranser M (2009)
Nordic guidelines for neuraxial blocks in disturbed haemostasis from the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 54 (1), 16-41
PubMed 19839941

Breivik H, Cherny N, Collett B, de Conno F, Filbet M, Foubert AJ, Cohen R, Dow L (2009)
Cancer-related pain: a pan-European survey of prevalence, treatment, and patient attitudes
Ann Oncol, 20 (8), 1420-33
PubMed 19244085

Fredheim OM, Skurtveit S, Breivik H, Borchgrevink PC (2009)
Increasing use of opioids from 2004 to 2007 - pharmacoepidemiological data from a complete national prescription database in Norway
Eur J Pain, 14 (3), 289-94
PubMed 19505834

Fredheim OM, Skurtveit S, Moroz A, Breivik H, Borchgrevink PC (2009)
Prescription pattern of codeine for non-malignant pain: a pharmacoepidemiological study from the Norwegian Prescription Database
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 53 (5), 627-33
PubMed 19419357

Publications 2008

Breivik H, Borchgrevink PC, Allen SM, Rosseland LA, Romundstad L, Hals EK, Kvarstein G, Stubhaug A (2008)
Assessment of pain
Br J Anaesth, 101 (1), 17-24
PubMed 18487245

Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2008)
Management of acute postoperative pain: still a long way to go!
Pain, 137 (2), 233-4
PubMed 18479824

Fredheim OM, Borchgrevink PC, Landmark T, Schjødt B, Breivik H (2008)
[A new schedule for the inventory of pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 128 (18), 2082-4
PubMed 18846126

Hestenes S, Høymork SC, Løland BF, Nylander G, Breivik H, Rosseland LA (2008)
[Do women with Caesarean section have to choose between pain relief and breastfeeding?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 128 (19), 2190-2
PubMed 18846143

Kongsgaard UE, Wyller TB, Breivik H (2008)
[The elderly need better pain treatment]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 128 (5), 590-1
PubMed 18311205

Publications 2007

Hamunen K, Laitinen-Parkkonen P, Paakkari P, Breivik H, Gordh T, Jensen NH, Kalso E (2007)
What do different databases tell about the use of opioids in seven European countries in 2002?
Eur J Pain, 12 (6), 705-15
PubMed 18162422

Stubhaug A, Romundstad L, Kaasa T, Breivik H (2007)
Methylprednisolone and ketorolac rapidly reduce hyperalgesia around a skin burn injury and increase pressure pain thresholds
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 51 (9), 1138-46
PubMed 17714578

Publications 2006

Bentsen G, Breivik H, Lundar T, Stubhaug A (2006)
Hypertonic saline (7.2%) in 6% hydroxyethyl starch reduces intracranial pressure and improves hemodynamics in a placebo-controlled study involving stable patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage
Crit Care Med, 34 (12), 2912-7
PubMed 17075367

Breivik H (2006)
Stable long-term opioid medication per se does not always cause loss of driving ability: the doctor and patient must consider additional risk factors for unsafe driving
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 50 (6), 651-2
PubMed 16987356

Romundstad L, Breivik H, Roald H, Skolleborg K, Haugen T, Narum J, Stubhaug A (2006)
Methylprednisolone reduces pain, emesis, and fatigue after breast augmentation surgery: a single-dose, randomized, parallel-group study with methylprednisolone 125 mg, parecoxib 40 mg, and placebo
Anesth Analg, 102 (2), 418-25
PubMed 16428536

Romundstad L, Breivik H, Roald H, Skolleborg K, Romundstad PR, Stubhaug A (2006)
Chronic pain and sensory changes after augmentation mammoplasty: long term effects of preincisional administration of methylprednisolone
Pain, 124 (1-2), 92-9
PubMed 16650580

Romundstad L, Stubhaug A, Niemi G, Rosseland LA, Breivik H (2006)
Adding propacetamol to ketorolac increases the tolerance to painful pressure
Eur J Pain, 10 (3), 177-83
PubMed 16490726

Publications 2005

Breivik H (2005)
Opioids in chronic non-cancer pain, indications and controversies
Eur J Pain, 9 (2), 127-30
PubMed 15737800

Breivik H (2005)
The future role of the anaesthesiologist in pain management
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 49 (7), 922-6
PubMed 16045651

Breivik H, Collett B, Ventafridda V, Cohen R, Gallacher D (2005)
Survey of chronic pain in Europe: prevalence, impact on daily life, and treatment
Eur J Pain, 10 (4), 287-333
PubMed 16095934

Breivik H, Kvarstein G (2005)
[Pain as a health problem]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 125 (20), 2807
PubMed 16244687

Kongsgaard UE, Bell RF, Breivik H (2005)
[Pain treatment in patients on chronic opioid therapy and in drug abusers]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 125 (20), 2808-10
PubMed 16244688

Romundstad L, Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2005)
[Glucocorticoids reduce acute postoperative pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 125 (18), 2507-8
PubMed 16186874

Rosseland LA, Bentsen G, Hopp E, Refsum S, Breivik H (2005)
Monitoring urinary bladder volume and detecting post-operative urinary retention in children with an ultrasound scanner
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 49 (10), 1456-9
PubMed 16223389

Svendsen KB, Andersen S, Arnason S, Arnér S, Breivik H, Heiskanen T, Kalso E, Kongsgaard UE, Sjogren P, Strang P, Bach FW, Jensen TS (2005)
Breakthrough pain in malignant and non-malignant diseases: a review of prevalence, characteristics and mechanisms
Eur J Pain, 9 (2), 195-206
PubMed 15737812

Publications 2004

Bentsen G, Breivik H, Lundar T, Stubhaug A (2004)
Predictable reduction of intracranial hypertension with hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch: a prospective clinical trial in critically ill patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 48 (9), 1089-95
PubMed 15352953

Breivik H (2004)
[Treatment of acute and chronic pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 124 (16), 2078
PubMed 15334116

Klaastad O, Smith HJ, Smedby O, Winther-Larssen EH, Brodal P, Breivik H, Fosse ET (2004)
A novel approach to infraclavicular brachial plexus block: The ultrasound experience - In response
Anesth. Analg., 99 (3), 950-951

Klaastad Ø, Smith HJ, Smedby O, Winther-Larssen EH, Brodal P, Breivik H, Fosse ET (2004)
A novel infraclavicular brachial plexus block: the lateral and sagittal technique, developed by magnetic resonance imaging studies
Anesth Analg, 98 (1), 252-6, table of contents
PubMed 14693630

Romundstad L, Breivik H, Niemi G, Helle A, Stubhaug A (2004)
Methylprednisolone intravenously 1 day after surgery has sustained analgesic and opioid-sparing effects
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 48 (10), 1223-31
PubMed 15504180

Rosseland LA, Helgesen KG, Breivik H, Stubhaug A (2004)
Moderate-to-severe pain after knee arthroscopy is relieved by intraarticular saline: a randomized controlled trial
Anesth Analg, 98 (6), 1546-51, table of contents
PubMed 15155303

Publications 2003

Breivik H (2003)
Thank you, Professor Ulf Lindblom
Eur. J. Pain, 7 (4), 307

Breivik H (2003)
Appropriate and responsible use of opioids in chronic non-cancer pain
Eur J Pain, 7 (5), 379-80
PubMed 12935788

Niemi G, Breivik H (2003)
The minimally effective concentration of adrenaline in a low-concentration thoracic epidural analgesic infusion of bupivacaine, fentanyl and adrenaline after major surgery. A randomized, double-blind, dose-finding study
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 47 (4), 439-50
PubMed 12694144

Rosseland LA, Stubhaug A, Grevbo F, Reikerås O, Breivik H (2003)
Effective pain relief from intra-articular saline with or without morphine 2 mg in patients with moderate-to-severe pain after knee arthroscopy: a randomized, double-blind controlled clinical study
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 47 (6), 732-8
PubMed 12803592

Rosseland LA, Stubhaug A, Sandberg L, Breivik H (2003)
Intra-articular (IA) catheter administration of postoperative analgesics. A new trial design allows evaluation of baseline pain, demonstrates large variation in need of analgesics, and finds no analgesic effect of IA ketamine compared with IA saline
Pain, 104 (1-2), 25-34
PubMed 12855311

Sponheim S, Skraastad Ø, Helseth E, Due-Tønnesen B, Aamodt G, Breivik H (2003)
Effects of 0.5 and 1.0 MAC isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane on intracranial and cerebral perfusion pressures in children
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 47 (8), 932-8
PubMed 12904183

Publications 2002

Breivik H (2002)
How to implement an acute pain service
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol, 16 (4), 527-47
PubMed 12516890

Breivik H (2002)
Advances in treatment of neuropathic pain
Eur J Pain, 6 Suppl B, v
PubMed 23570140

Breivik H (2002)
International Association for the Study of Pain: update on WHO-IASP activities
J Pain Symptom Manage, 24 (2), 97-101
PubMed 12231125

Breivik H, Hysing E (2002)
[The Dubrovka theatre rescue action]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 122 (29), 2766
PubMed 12523139

Klaastad O, Smedby O, Thompson GE, Tillung T, Hol PK, Rotnes JS, Brodal P, Breivik H, Hetland KR, Fosse ET (2002)
Disttibution of local anesthetic in axillary brachial plexus block - A clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study
Anesthesiology, 96 (6), 1315-1324

Klaastad Ø, Smedby O, Thompson GE, Tillung T, Hol PK, Røtnes JS, Brodal P, Breivik H, Hetland KR, Fosse ET (2002)
Distribution of local anesthetic in axillary brachial plexus block: a clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study
Anesthesiology, 96 (6), 1315-24
PubMed 12170042

Kaasa S, Breivik H, Jordhoy M (2002)
Norway: Development of palliative care
J. Pain Symptom Manage., 24 (2), PII S0885-3924(02)00471-2-214

Kaasa S, Breivik H, Jordhøy M (2002)
Norway: development of palliative care
J Pain Symptom Manage, 24 (2), 211-4
PubMed 12231148

Niemi G, Breivik H (2002)
Epinephrine markedly improves thoracic epidural analgesia produced by a small-dose infusion of ropivacaine, fentanyl, and epinephrine after major thoracic or abdominal surgery: a randomized, double-blinded crossover study with and without epinephrine
Anesth Analg, 94 (6), 1598-605, table of contents
PubMed 12032036

Rosseland LA, Stubhaug A, Breivik H (2002)
Detecting postoperative urinary retention with an ultrasound scanner
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 46 (3), 279-82
PubMed 11939918

Rosseland LA, Stubhaug A, Breivik H, Medby PC, Larsen HH (2002)
[Postoperative urinary retention]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 122 (9), 902-4
PubMed 12082832

Publications 2001

Breivik H (2001)
Opioids in cancer and chronic non-cancer pain therapy-indications and controversies
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 45 (9), 1059-66
PubMed 11683653

Breivik H, Lindahl SG (2001)
Training programme in advanced pain medicine for Nordic anaesthesiologists
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 45 (10), 1191-2
PubMed 11736667

Breivik H, Niemi G (2001)
Does adrenaline improve epidural bupivacaine and fentanyl analgesia after abdominal surgery?
Anaesth Intensive Care, 29 (4), 436-7
PubMed 11512659

Førde R, Aasland OG, Falkum E, Breivik H, Kaasa S (2001)
[Palliative sedation to dying patients in Norway]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 121 (9), 1085-8
PubMed 11354887

Niemi G, Breivik H (2001)
Epidural fentanyl markedly improves thoracic epidural analgesia in a low-dose infusion of bupivacaine, adrenaline and fentanyl. A randomized, double-blind crossover study with and without fentanyl
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 45 (2), 221-32
PubMed 11167169

Publications 2000

Breivik H (2000)
High-tech versus low-tech approaches to postoperative pain management
PROG PAIN RES MANAG, 16, 787-807

Chung F, Mulier JP, Scholz J, Breivik H, Araujo M, Hjelle K, Upadhyaya B, Haigh C (2000)
A comparison of anaesthesia using remifentanil combined with either isoflurane, enflurane or propofol in patients undergoing gynaecological laparoscopy, varicose vein or arthroscopic surgery
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 44 (7), 790-8
PubMed 10939691

Kjønniksen I, Brustugun J, Niemi G, Breivik H, Anderssen E, Klem W (2000)
Stability of an epidural analgesic solution containing adrenaline, bupivacaine and fentanyl
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 44 (7), 864-7
PubMed 10939700

Klaastad O, Lilleås FG, Røtnes JS, Breivik H, Fosse E (2000)
A magnetic resonance imaging study of modifications to the infraclavicular brachial plexus block
Anesth Analg, 91 (4), 929-33
PubMed 11004051

Publications 1999

Armstrong RF, Addy V, Breivik H (1999)
Epidural and spinal anaesthesia and the use of anticoagulants
Hosp Med, 60 (7), 491, 496
PubMed 10605540

Breivik H (1999)
Reply - Combination of Low Molecular Weight Heparin (LMWH) thromboprophylaxis and spinal/epidural anaesthesia: safe practice recommended!
Acta Anaesthesiol. Scand., 43 (1), 117-118

Breivik H (1999)
Infectious complications of epidural anaesthesia and analgesia
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol, 12 (5), 573-7
PubMed 17016251

Klaastad O, Lilleås FG, Røtnes JS, Breivik H, Fosse E (1999)
Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates lack of precision in needle placement by the infraclavicular brachial plexus block described by Raj et al
Anesth Analg, 88 (3), 593-8
PubMed 10072013

Lauwers M, Camu F, Breivik H, Hagelberg A, Rosen M, Sneyd R, Horn A, Noronha D, Shaikh S (1999)
The safety and effectiveness of remifentanil as an adjunct sedative for regional anesthesia
Anesth Analg, 88 (1), 134-40
PubMed 9895080

Rosseland LA, Stubhaug A, Skoglund A, Breivik H (1999)
Intra-articular morphine for pain relief after knee arthroscopy
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 43 (3), 252-7
PubMed 10081529

Publications 1998

Breivik H (1998)
Postoperative pain management: why is it difficult to show that it improves outcome?
Eur J Anaesthesiol, 15 (6), 748-51
PubMed 9884866

Breivik H (1998)
[Complications during and after surgery and childbirth where spinal or epidural analgesia is used. Guidelines for safe practice]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 118 (11), 1708-16
PubMed 9621760

Breivik H (1998)
Neurological complications in association with spinal and epidural analgesia--again
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 42 (6), 609-13
PubMed 9689263

Breivik H, Brosstad F (1998)
[Bleeding complications of spinal and epidural analgesia]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 118 (2), 210-1
PubMed 9485611

Niemi G, Breivik H (1998)
Adrenaline markedly improves thoracic epidural analgesia produced by a low-dose infusion of bupivacaine, fentanyl and adrenaline after major surgery. A randomised, double-blind, cross-over study with and without adrenaline
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 42 (8), 897-909
PubMed 9773133

Prys-Roberts C, Schüttler J, Breivik H, Viby-Mogensen J (1998)
Anaesthesia, 53 (4), 409
PubMed 9613318

Publications 1997

Breivik H (1997)
Chronic pain and the sympathetic nervous system
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl, 110, 131-4
PubMed 9248563

Eide PK, Stubhaug A, Breivik H, Oye I (1997)
Reply to S.T. Meller: Ketamine: relief from chronic pain through actions at the NMDA receptor
Pain, 72 (1-2), 289-91
PubMed 9272819

Eide PK, Stubhaug A, Breivik H, Oye I (1997)
Ketamine: relief from chronic pain through actions at the NMDA receptor - Reply
Pain, 72 (1-2), 289-291

Schüttler J, Albrecht S, Breivik H, Osnes S, Prys-Roberts C, Holder K, Chauvin M, Viby-Mogensen J, Mogensen T, Gustafson I, Lof L, Noronha D, Kirkham AJ (1997)
A comparison of remifentanil and alfentanil in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery
Anaesthesia, 52 (4), 307-17
PubMed 9135180

Stubhaug A, Breivik H (1997)
Long-term treatment of chronic neuropathic pain with the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor antagonist ketamine
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 41 (3), 329-31
PubMed 9113174

Stubhaug A, Breivik H, Eide PK, Kreunen M, Foss A (1997)
Mapping of punctuate hyperalgesia around a surgical incision demonstrates that ketamine is a powerful suppressor of central sensitization to pain following surgery
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 41 (9), 1124-32
PubMed 9366932

Stubhaug A, Breivik H, Eide PK, Kreunen M, Foss A (1997)
Ketamine reduces postoperative hyperalgesia

Publications 1996

Bjune K, Stubhaug A, Dodgson MS, Breivik H (1996)
Additive analgesic effect of codeine and paracetamol can be detected in strong, but not moderate, pain after Caesarean section. Baseline pain-intensity is a determinant of assay-sensitivity in a postoperative analgesic trial
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 40 (4), 399-407
PubMed 8738682

Breivik H (1996)
Prolonged postoperative epidural analgesia: how to make it work safely and effectively
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl, 109, 173-4
PubMed 8901997

Breivik H (1996)
Perianaesthetic management of patients with endocrine disease
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 40 (8 Pt 2), 1004-15
PubMed 8908215

Stubhaug A, Grimstad J, Breivik H (1996)
Reply to P.E. Vielvoye-kerkmeer
Pain, 64 (2), 402

Publications 1995

Breivik H (1995)
Safe perioperative spinal and epidural analgesia: importance of drug combinations, segmental site of injection, training and monitoring
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 39 (7), 869-71
PubMed 8848883

BREIVIK H (1995)
Baillieres Clin. Anaesthesiol., 9 (3), R9-R10

BREIVIK H (1995)
Baillieres Clin. Anaesthesiol., 9 (3), 403-422

Baillieres Clin. Anaesthesiol., 9 (3), 423-460

Eide K, Stubhaug A, Oye I, Breivik H (1995)
Continuous subcutaneous administration of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonist ketamine in the treatment of post-herpetic neuralgia
Pain, 61 (2), 221-8
PubMed 7659432

Baillieres Clin. Anaesthesiol., 9 (3), 555-584

Stubhaug A, Grimstad J, Breivik H (1995)
Lack of analgesic effect of 50 and 100 mg oral tramadol after orthopaedic surgery: a randomized, double-blind, placebo and standard active drug comparison
Pain, 62 (1), 111-8
PubMed 7478700

Tølløfsrud S, Svennevig JL, Breivik H, Kongsgaard U, Ozer M, Hysing E, Mohr B, Seem E, Geiran O, Abdelnour M (1995)
Fluid balance and pulmonary functions during and after coronary artery bypass surgery: Ringer's acetate compared with dextran, polygeline, or albumin
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 39 (5), 671-7
PubMed 7572019

Publications 1994

BREIVIK H (1994)
Baillieres Clin. Anaesthesiol., 8 (4), 775-795

Eide PK, Jørum E, Stubhaug A, Bremnes J, Breivik H (1994)
Relief of post-herpetic neuralgia with the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor antagonist ketamine: a double-blind, cross-over comparison with morphine and placebo
Pain, 58 (3), 347-54
PubMed 7838584

Petersen-Felix S, Arendt-Nielsen L, Bak P, Bjerring P, Breivik H, Svensson P, Zbinden AM (1994)
Ondansetron does not inhibit the analgesic effect of alfentanil
Br J Anaesth, 73 (3), 326-30
PubMed 7946858

Warncke T, Breivik H, Vainio A (1994)
Treatment of cancer pain in Norway. A questionnaire study
Pain, 57 (1), 109-16
PubMed 8065787

Publications 1993

Breivik H (1993)
[We can prevent pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 113 (23), 2892-3
PubMed 8236188

Publications 1992

Quiding H, Grimstad J, Rusten K, Stubhaug A, Bremnes J, Breivik H (1992)
Ibuprofen plus codeine, ibuprofen, and placebo in a single- and multidose cross-over comparison for coxarthrosis pain
Pain, 50 (3), 303-7
PubMed 1280802

Publications 1990

Breivik H (1990)
[Pain schools and pain clinics]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 110 (28), 3593-4
PubMed 2260051

Skraastad O, Endresen G, Breivik H (1990)
[Treatment of post-spinal headache]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 110 (8), 976
PubMed 2321231

Publications 1989

Flaatten H, Breivik H (1989)
[Spinal anesthesia--time for a reevaluation?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 109 (30), 3091-2
PubMed 2815038

Publications 1987

Raeder JC, Breivik H (1987)
Premedication with midazolam in out-patient general anaesthesia. A comparison with morphine-scopolamine and placebo
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 31 (6), 509-14
PubMed 2888253

Publications 1986

Raeder JC, van der Linden J, Breivik H (1986)
Premedication for day-case surgery: double-blind comparison of ketobemidone + dimethylaminodiphenylbuten (A-29) and morphine + scopolamine
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 30 (7), 502-6
PubMed 3811793

Publications 1985

Borchgrevink PC, Stenseth R, Gisvold SE, Breivik H, Hellum K (1985)
[Intensive treatment of tetanus]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 105 (3), 202-5
PubMed 3983915

Breivik H (1985)
[Medical treatment of severe pain]
Nord Med, 100 (3), 69-72
PubMed 2581226

Stenseth R, Sellevold O, Breivik H (1985)
Epidural morphine for postoperative pain: experience with 1085 patients
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 29 (1), 148-56
PubMed 3976321

Publications 1984

Breivik H, Stenseth R, Apalseth K, Spilsberg AM (1984)
Piroxicam, acetylsalicylic acid and placebo for postoperative pain
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 28 (1), 37-9
PubMed 6608855

Jyssum T, Breivik H (1984)
[Peroperative glucose tolerance. During general anesthesia or epidural anesthesia]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 104 (2), 89-91
PubMed 6701843

Koller ME, Breivik H, Greider P, Jones DJ, Smith RB (1984)
Synergistic effect of acidosis and succinylcholine-induced hyperkalemia in spinal cord transected rats
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 28 (1), 87-90
PubMed 6711267

Landa L, Berg EM, Breivik H (1984)
[Epidural morphine for severe cancer pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 104 (25), 1713-5
PubMed 6207604

Raeder J, Kvande G, Dale O, Breivik H (1984)
[Postoperative liver damage due to halothane. Should we stop using halothane for adult patients?]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 104 (30), 2097-9
PubMed 6506047

Publications 1983

Koller ME, Smith RB, Sjöstrand U, Breivik H (1983)
Effects of hypo-, normo-, and hypercarbia in dogs with acute cardiac tamponade
Anesth Analg, 62 (2), 181-5
PubMed 6402955

Sellevold O, Breivik H, Tveter K (1983)
Changes in oncotic pressure, osmolality and electrolytes following transurethral resection of the prostate using glycine as irrigating solution
Scand J Urol Nephrol, 17 (1), 31-6
PubMed 6191385

Sjaastad O, Saunte C, Hovdahl H, Breivik H, Grønbaek E (1983)
"Cervicogenic" headache. An hypothesis
Cephalalgia, 3 (4), 249-56
PubMed 6640659

Publications 1982

Breivik H, Rennemo F (1982)
Clinical evaluation of combined treatment with methadone and psychotropic drugs in cancer patients
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl, 74, 135-40
PubMed 6953727

Hole A, Unsgaard G, Breivik H (1982)
Monocyte functions are depressed during and after surgery under general anaesthesia but not under epidural anaesthesia
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 26 (4), 301-7
PubMed 7124304

Rennemo F, Larsen R, Breivik H (1982)
Avoiding psychic adverse effects during induction of neurolept anaesthesia with levomepromazine. A double-blind study of levomepromazine and droperidol
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 26 (2), 108-11
PubMed 7048838

Publications 1981

Detre K, Abramson N, Safar P, Snyder J, Reinmuth O, Bitsko J, Kelsey S, Mullie A, Hedstrand U, Tammisto T, Lund I, Breivik H, Lind B, Jastremski M (1981)
Collaborative randomized clinical study of cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation
Crit Care Med, 9 (5), 395-6
PubMed 7011679

Quaynor H, Breivik H, Holme J, Haslund R (1981)
[Lung complications following high laparotomies. Effects of smoking and low-dose heparin prevention]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 101 (2), 157-60
PubMed 7209893

Winnem B, Samstad B, Breivik H (1981)
Paracetamol, tiaramide and placebo for pain relief after orthopedic surgery
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 25 (3), 209-14
PubMed 7324837

Publications 1980

Breivik H, Ulvik NM, Blikra G, Lind B (1980)
Life-supporting first aid self-training
Crit Care Med, 8 (11), 654-8
PubMed 7428391

Hole A, Terjesen T, Breivik H (1980)
Epidural versus general anaesthesia for total hip arthroplasty in elderly patients
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 24 (4), 279-87
PubMed 7468115

Publications 1979

Breivik H (1979)
[Endogenous pain inhibiting mechanisms, transmitter substances and effects of psychotropic drugs]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (22), 998-1001
PubMed 39367

Breivik H (1979)
[Strong opiate analgesics for cancer pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (19-21), 946-8
PubMed 90402

Breivik H (1979)
[Conclusions and practical recommendations. Analgesics and psychotropic drugs administered to patients with chronic pain and good prognosis]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (22), 1001-2
PubMed 39360

Breivik H (1979)
[Analgesics and psychotropic drugs administered to patients with chronic pain and bad prognosis]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (22), 1002-4
PubMed 39361

Breivik H (1979)
[Patients with chronic pain]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (19-21), 919-20
PubMed 483285

Breivik H (1979)
[Opiate analgesics and combination preparations for treatment of chronic pain in nonmalignant diseases]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (22), 994-6
PubMed 39365

Breivik H (1979)
[Ethanol block of the coeliac plexus for pain due to upper abdominal cancer]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (19-21), 945-6
PubMed 90401

Breivik H (1979)
[Intravenous regional sympathetic blockade with guanethidine]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (19-21), 935-6
PubMed 483288

Hesla E, Breivik H (1979)
[Epidural analgesia and epidural steroid injection for treatment of chronic low back pain and sciatica]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 99 (19-21), 936-9
PubMed 158236

Publications 1978

Breivik H, Følling Elgjo R (1978)
[Drug treatment of pain in cancer]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 98 (19-21), 967-9
PubMed 80038

Breivik H, Klaastad O (1978)
Acute epiglottitis in children. Review of 27 patients
Br J Anaesth, 50 (5), 505-10
PubMed 646919

Breivik H, Safar P, Sands P, Fabritius R, Lind B, Lust P, Mullie A, Orr M, Renck H, Snyder JV (1978)
Clinical feasibility trials of barbiturate therapy after cardiac arrest
Crit Care Med, 6 (4), 228-44
PubMed 679713

Publications 1977

Blikra G, Ulvik NM, Breivik H, Lind B (1977)
[First aid instruction for drivers]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (5), 245-8
PubMed 841560

Breivik H, Klaastad O, Garborg O (1977)
[Treatment of epiglottitis]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 97 (31), 1628-30
PubMed 594956

Publications 1976

Breivik H (1976)
A safe multipurpose pediatric ventilation bag
Crit Care Med, 4 (1), 32-9
PubMed 1062256

BREIVIK H (1976)
Crit. Care Med., 4 (1), 32-39

Publications 1975

Breivik H (1975)
[Treatment of acute laryngitis with nebulized racemic adrenaline]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 95 (7), 441-3
PubMed 1129740

Breivik H (1975)
[Central anticholinergic syndrome and its therapy with physostigmine]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 95 (31), 1771-6, 1793
PubMed 1188883

Siebke H, Rod T, Breivik H, Link B (1975)
Survival after 40 minutes; submersion without cerebral sequeae
Lancet, 1 (7919), 1275-7
PubMed 48900

Publications 1974

Breivik H (1974)
[Treatment of atelectasis by transtracheal injection of saline]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 94 (24), 1443-4
PubMed 4446000

Publications 1973

Boyum A, Breivik H (1973)
Kinetics of murine haemopoietic cell proliferation in diffusion chambers
Cell Tissue Kinet, 6 (2), 101-10
PubMed 4567864

Breivik H, Grenvik A, Millen E, Safar P (1973)
Normalizing low arterial CO 2 tension during mechanical ventilation
Chest, 63 (4), 525-31
PubMed 4571976

Publications 1972

Breivik H (1972)
Response of multipotent (CFU) and granulocyte (diffusion chamber assay) progenitor cells and differentiating cells of murine haematopoietic tissues to a perturbation of the steady state
J Cell Physiol, 79 (2), 171-80
PubMed 5026531

Breivik H, Breien Benestad H (1972)
Regulation of granulocyte and macrophage formation in diffusion chamber cultures of mouse haematopoietic cells
Exp Cell Res, 70 (2), 340-8
PubMed 5058911

Publications 1971

Benestad HB, Breivik H (1971)
Properties of hematopoietic progenitor cells
Acta Physiol Scand, 83 (3), 389-98
PubMed 5167398

Breivik H (1971)
Haematopoietic stem cell content of murine bone marrow, spleen, and blood. Limiting dilution analysis of diffusion chamber cultures
J Cell Physiol, 78 (1), 73-8
PubMed 5111024

Breivik H, Benestad HB, Boyum A (1971)
Diffusion chamber and spleen colony assay of murine haematopoietic stem cells
J Cell Physiol, 78 (1), 65-72
PubMed 5111023

Breivik H, Lind B (1971)
Anti-emetic and propulsive peristaltic properties of metoclopramide
Br J Anaesth, 43 (4), 400-3
PubMed 4930207

Publications 1970

Lind B, Breivik H (1970)
Metoclopramide and perphenazine in the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting
Br J Anaesth, 42 (7), 614-7
PubMed 4916523

Publications 1969

Breivik H (1969)
Peroperative hydration with lactated Ringer's solution versus a saltfree restrictive fluid regimen. Effects on postoperative fluid and electrolyte metabolism and renal function in patients undergoing partial gastrectomy
Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 13 (2), 113-32
PubMed 5369979

Breivik H (1969)
[Per- and postoperative fluid therapy]
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 89 (12), 1029-30
PubMed 5799886