Comparative genomics

When reference genome is made available for a species without previously known genome sequence, one can obtain some information about the species by comparison of the new genome to already known genomes of related species. Depending on genetic distance between the considered species, one can aim to explain events in the evolutionary history which differentiate the species on genomic level or to describe common patterns across wider group of species.

Similarly, comparing smaller scale genomic features across multiple species can provide insight into evolutionary processes that were involved in formation of the features.

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